3. American idealist who wrote Appearance
8. The Garden was a great place to find refuge from mental
10. Love and strife make the world go round, but watch where you
step around volcanos.
12. Influenced by Brentano, this pioneering phenomenologist advocated
returning "to the things themselves."
14. Inspired by Plato, he distinguished the City of God
from earthly cities.
16. Would have us place bets on the existence rather than non-existence
17. 32 + 42 = 52
18. Famous for his hedonic calculus, which has given philosophy
students more pain than pleasure over the years.
20. Got all "fired up" about the process of flux or
21. American psychological thinker famous for describing the "stream
24. German philosopher famous for hermeneutics and interpretations
of ancient Greek philosophy.
26. Asserted twelve categories of the understanding that help
us make sense of experience.
28. According to this Medieval thinker, the idea of a perfect
being necessarily includes existence.
29. Wrote On the Nature of Things to convince people not
to be superstitious.
30. Feared that lack of a strong central government would return
humans to a state of nature.
32. Distinguished between Natura Naturans and Natura
Naturata. Legend has it that he fell into a lens grinder and
made a spectacle of himself.
33. The "stare" reveals to us the difference between
"being a subject" and "being an object."
34. Our minds are plagued by idols (such as "of the
tribe" or "of the theater") or prejudices which
keep us from thinking clearly.
35. Pragmatist who advocated new approaches to education.
36. In Language, Truth, and Logic, this philosopher regarded
metaphysical statements as meaningless nonsense.
| 1. French proponent of positivism
or "positive knowledge."
2. It all comes down to a matter of Either/Or.
4. Contributed to geometry and optics and, by the way, proved the
existence of God.
5. In peripatetic fashion, his students learned lots about
logic, physics, metaphysics, ethics, and cosmology.
6. This German philosopher speculated that Kant stated and then
later suppressed the role of imagination in the process of thinking.
7. In his work on Liberty, he espoused the view that what
a person does in private is his own business, unless there are perceived
9. English philosopher who developed ethical principles on the basis
of the theory of evolution.
11. Human beings are good by nature, and savages are noble.
13. Greek philosopher who said that everything is expanded or contracted
15. His Critias has driven many to search for a lost continent.
17. As he writes in the Enneads, everything emanates from
19. Many of his ideas were condemned by the Church in 1277 and then
later his Summa was adopted as official Catholic teaching.
22. Let's try to avoid I-It relations with other people.
23. French philosopher who likened existence to pushing a rock up
a hill, only to have it roll down again.
25. Returns again and again to the notion of "eternal recurrence."
27. Chinese philosophy which emphasizes the balance of opposites.
31. History is the unfolding or development of Absolute Spirit.
37. In Atlas Shrugged, this philosopher exalts egoism as
a virtue and sees the best human relations as modeled after "trade"
or business transactions.